Tsuutina Language



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Tsuut'ina Consonants that are similar to English sounds




1 - d - like English 'd', as in 'do'
  didili money
     
2 - j - like English J as in 'jab'
  jìjáchÅ« plum s Literally: 'berry large'
     
3 - g - like English g as in 'go'
  guná he, she, it, is talking
     
4
- t - like English 't', as in 'to'
  tazayisyal
midnight yal, stem 'it is dark'
  Literally: ' it has become the middle of the night '
     
5
- s - like English as in 'soon'
  sÄ«tó n
it is lying {stick-like object}
     
6
- k - like English as in 'keep'
  sÄ«kó n
it is lying a cup, dish, or similar object
     
7
- l - like English ' l ', as in 'like'
  nÄ«lÄ« you sg. are 3rd person, verb 'to be'

   
8
- z - like English 'z', as in 'zip'
  disyÄ«Ä«z
they ran away
     
9
- m - like English 'm', as in 'much'
  mÄ«yÄ«tÅ�àÅ�í
wagon s
  Literally : it goes along as if someone was pushing it
     
10
- n - like English 'n', as in 'new'
  naaya Get up! Command given to 1 person
     
11
- y - like English 'y', as in 'yes'
  yiyáÅ� he, she is walking
     
12
- w - like English 'w', as in 'water'
  wÄ«nÄ«gà
south




2. Consonant groups that are similar to English groups:



13
- dl -
like English 'dl', as in midland'
  dlúnÄ�
mouse, mice
     
14
- dz - like English 'ds', as in 'adds' or 'bids'
  yÄ«dÄ«dzá
he/she starts carrying it
  group of bead-like/tobacco - like objects
     
15
- sh - like English 'sh' as in 'ship'
  dÄ«shá
I'm going
     
16
- ch - like English 'ch' as in 'church'
  chóót'Ä«
it is raining {< chó ' rain ' �át'ī 'it is'}
     




3. Tsuut'ina Consonants that do not exist in English

17
- t� -
 
  tÅ�Ä«s pounded chokecherries
   
18 - t' -  
  Ê�át'Ä� it is like that
   
19
- tÅ�' -  
  tÅ�'Å«w medicine
   
20 - ts' -  
  gÅ«ts'ìs somebody's elbow s
   
21
- ch' -  
  ch'at'agha sun / clock / month
   
22 - k' -  
  dik'oyi coyote
   
23
- � - glottal stop
  siÊ�o he / she / it is lying there solid object
   
24
- � - barred ' L '
  yÄ«yáÅ� he/she is walking along progressive
   
25 - gh -
 
  sigha my daughter s {man speaking}
   
26
- x -
 
  Ê�Ä«sxòÅ�
I'm hitting him / her / it with a whip




Tsuut�ina Vowel sounds



  -a- { á - high tone; Ä� - mid tone; à - low tone}
27a sīghá my daughter s {man speaking}
   
27b gùj� good, fine
   
27c sit��ulà my rope
 
 
  -i- { í - high tone Ä« - mid tone ì - low tone}
28a síní I, me
   
28b sīzīzà my vien, my viens
   
28c chìchí unable to
     
  -o- { ó - high tone; Å� - mid tone; ò - low tone}
29a chó rain
   
29b t�īk�n it is sweet
   
29c �īsxò� I�m hitting him/her/it with a whip
     
  -u- { ú - high tone; Å« - mid tone; ù - low tone}
30a chúwà wait
   
30b gūt�ìs someone�s elbow s
   
30c sīwù my tooth, my teeth


Tsuut'ina Diphtongues

31
- ay -  
  gayizi wolverine
     
32
- iy -  
  Ê�Ä«stÄ«y I am crying
     
33 - ow -  
  nÄ«chòw it is big-hearted
     
34 - oy -  
  dìsÄ«stÅ�y I flew
     
35 - uy -  
  dikuy it is lukewarm
     
36 - uw -  
  gÅ«zÅ«w fog